George Perkins Marsh Institute

Geller Research Fellowships

Albert, Norma and Howard Geller '77 Endowed Research Awards for Student Projects Relating to Sustainability

The Albert, Norma and Howard Geller '77 Endowed Research Awards support student-initiated research projects that advance our understanding of natural resource and environmental sustainability and develop practical improvements that can move society towards more sustainable outcomes. Clark University undergraduate and graduate students are eligible, and are reviewed in separate competitions. Given the intent of the Geller Awards, proposals are evaluated on the following criteria:

  • relevance to practical approaches of advancing sustainability
  • originality and innovation
  • clarity and feasibility of research plan
  • ways in which the project will contribute to linking knowledge to action
  • potential for the award to enable a project that may not be possible without it
  • evidence of meaningful interactions with a faculty mentor for the project and/or linkages to ongoing research (but not at the expense of originality and independence)
  • cost-effectiveness (i.e., whether the budget is reasonable)
  • a scope of work commensurate with the academic standing of the student (i.e., we expect that applications from graduate students will reflect a greater degree of academic experience and professionalism, compared to applications from undergraduate students).

An interdepartmental faculty committee that shares Howard Geller's interests in student research and activism for sustainability will select successful proposals. Subject to the number and quality of applications received, it is the intention of the committee to award one-half of both regular and small awards to undergraduate projects. We anticipate making approximately 3-4 regular awards in amounts ranging from $1,001 to $2,500, and several smaller grants, up to $1,000, each year. Requests for more than $2,500 will not be considered.

2018 Award Competition

The 2018 award competition is now closed. Information on the 2019 competition will be forthcoming.

Questions should be directed to Dana Bauer, Assistant Director of the George Perkins Marsh Institute.

2018 Recipients     2017 Recipients     2016 Recipients     History of the Award

2018 Geller Award Recipients and Projects

Reducing Food Wastage at Clark University via Food Sharing Application (ClarkEats)

Geller Awardees: Bezawit Ayalew (BA Computer Science/Economics '19), Tiffany Kayo (BA Computer Science/Economics '19), and Christina Zymaris (BA Computer Science/Geography '19)
Faculty Mentor: John Magee

This project will develop a food-share mobile application and website (ClarkEats) to support student's accessibiity to food on campus while raising awareness of food waste. We will program an interface where users can post food they have left over from cooking or an event, and make that available to other students. The app may also support those who want to market and sell their food/beverages, such as through popular entrepreneurial courses. This application will be beneficial to end users by providing easily accessible food for those who need it, minimizing food waste on campus, reducing student costs on food and beverages, especially students not on the University meal plan, and create a more environmentally aware environment on campus.

Recruitment Failure, Habitat Suitability, or Host Limitation: What Limits Margaritifera Margaritifera in North-Central Massachusetts Streams?

Geller Awardees: Kayleigh McHugh (BA Biology '19) and Olivia Barksdale (BA Environmental Science '19)
Faculty Mentor: John Baker

The freshwater pearl mussel is a globally endangered mussel species. Despite years of study and concern in Europe, little is known about the distribution, recruitment, and survival of Margaritifera margaritifera in North American stream systems. Recent surveys suggest that there has been little or no recruitment in many streams in recent years. However, for the first few years of life juvenile mussels live well below the sediment surface, and thus may not be discovered in surface-oriented visual surveys that are usually conducted. The objective of this project is to determine whether the apparent recruitment problem of the freshwater pearl mussel is due to habitat or host factors. Data gathered from this recruitment study would enable conservation biologists to more appropriately use resources to regenerate this keystone species in their ecosystems. It would also allow the state to make sustainable and economic decisions on how to use the state's natural resources.

Studying the Social and Environmental Impacts of Electric Pedicabs in Worcester, MA

Geller Awardee: Paige Myatt (MA International Development and Social Change '19)
Faculty Mentors: Chuck Agosta and Mary-Ellen Boyle

WooRides is a new pedicab company in Worcester that provides an eco-friendly, reliable and fun form of alternative transportation. Currently, WooRides' operating radius is greatly limited by Worcester's hills and expansive area. The addition of electric motors would effectively increase the radius in which WooRides can operate and thus serve a greater portion of the city's population. The goal of this project is to better understand the social and environmental impact of adding electric-powered motors to local pedicabs. Specifically, this project will answer quantitative research questions regarding the increase in range in which pedicab drivers can efficiently reach customers and the associated reduction of carbon emissions. This project also aims to answer qualitative research questions concerning the Worcester community's views on alternative eco-friendly transportation methods. To keep with WooRides' goal of producing zero-emissions in their transportation efforts, the batteries powering the motors would be charged with solar energy.

Farmer-Wildlife Conflict as Consequences and Drivers of Land System Change in the Indian Himalayas

Geller Awardee: Roopa Krithivasan (PhD Geography '20)
Faculty Mentors: Rinku Roy Chowdhury and John Rogan

In rural areas adjoining forests, crop damage and loss attributed to wildlife is a significant issue. This project uses a land system science framework to ask how land systems contribute to and change as a result of farmer-wildlife conflict. The research is situated in Kangra, an agriculture-dependent rural landscape in the Indian Himalayas that has undergone decades of forest conservation and plantation projects. In recent years, Kangra has experienced increased farmer-wildlife conflict from crop-raiding monkeys, boar, and other large mammal species. Using a mixed-methods approach, this project seeks to understand the spatial relationships between the agro-forest land system and farmer-wildlife conflict, as well as the ways in which these conflicts induce farmers to use adopt different land management strategies depending on their agronomic, social, and economic contexts. Understanding these interactions helps address pressing questions in land system science, and is an important step towards community resilience and sustainable land use.

The Revolution within the Revolution: Understanding the Landscape and Livelihood Dynamics of the Cuban Agroecological Transition

Geller Awardees: Mario Machado (PhD Geography '20)
Faculty Mentor: Rinku Roy Chowdhury

In an age of unprecedented abundance, we still face the enormous challenge of creating a truly sustainable, equitable food system. While industrial agriculture continues to dominate global food production, it also comes with mounting social and ecological externalities. To address these issues, many farmers have turned towards more sustainable, alternative methods such as agroecology. This project aims to contribute new and important insights on agroecology in Cuba. Specifically, this research will use both quantitative and qualitative methods to evaluate the social and ecological dimensions that such a food system transition entails for local communities. This project will integrate perspectives from the household, community and landscape scale into a framework of national agroecological transition, with the potential to inform broader re-imaginations of more equitable, sustainable food systems.

Climate Information Services for Development and Livelihoods: Investigating Adaptation Subjects in Mali

Geller Awardee: Helen Rosko (PhD Geography '21)
Faculty Mentor: Ed Carr

Climate information services (CIS), broadly understood as the packaging and dissemination of climate information to targeted user populations, have been produced by the climate science community for many years. More recently, CIS have been taken up by development organizations as means of addressing vulnerabilities associated with climate change and variability. While the development community takes a positive view of the potential of CIS to further the achievement of development goals in a changing climate, there has been little critical attention paid to the ways in which CIS design and implementation impact the complex livelihoods decisions that characterize the lives of potential CIS users. This project seeks to fill this gap through a case study of the Mali Agrometeorological Advisory Program in Mali, West Africa. The program provides an opportunity to explore how a CIS does and does not align with its presumed users' livelihood realities. More specifically, this project seeks to understand how, through their interaction with CIS, users negotiate this information and rework their livelihoods.

Genome Engineering and Human-Environment Interactions: Implications for Sustainability?

Geller Awardees: Dan Santos (PhD Geography '21)
Faculty Mentor: James Murphy

In 2012, a genome engineering technology called CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) was developed, enabling scientists to make precise, site-specific changes to the genomes of essentially any species, including human beings, with unparalleled ease and significantly lower costs. The technology has been swiftly adopted in fields such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, agriculture and ecology. This newfound power over the fundamental building blocks of nature has provoked considerable ethical and moral concerns, and several prominent researchers involved in developing CRISPR collectively called for caution to assess risks. Through interviews with key researchers in two research centres where CRISPR was developed and is being applied, this research project investigates the applications of the technology for environmental management and, more broadly, what this means for understandings of sustainability.

Constructing Territory: Regional Coalitions, International Environmental Governance, and the Quest for Development Alternatives in Mesoamerica

Geller Awardee: Laura Sauls (PhD Geography '19)
Faculty Mentor: Tony Bebbington

Indigenous and forest communities have fought for greater recognition of their rights to forests by drawing on social justice claims and scientific evidence of lower rates of deforestation in their collective lands. In Latin America, these communities now have rights to nearly 30 percent of the region's forests; however, they continue to face threats from advancing agricultural frontiers, largescale infrastructure, extractive industry expansion, and state efforts to maintain or re-centralize control over natural resources. To counter this trend, some indigenous and forest peoples have mobilized to assert an alternate vision of territorial governance of the world's most carbon-rich and biodiverse forests. Through collaborative research with the Mesoamerican Alliance of Peoples and Forests (AMPB), its member groups across Central America, and the NGO PRISMA, I ask how such regional coalition-building influences forest governance in the region and, in turn, territorial identities and socio-ecological systems.

2017 Geller Award Recipients and Projects

Variegated Green Capitalism and the Decentralized Developmental State: A Case Study on the Low-speed Electric Vehicle (LSEV) Industry in Shandong, China

Geller Awardee: Yifan Cai, Phd Geography '19
Faculty Mentor: Yuko Aoyama

China is rapidly emerging as one of the world's green superpowers in a wide range of sectors including green transportation; in 2015, it became the world's largest and fastest-growing electric vehicle (EV) market. More than half of the EVs sold in China are low-speed electric vehicles (LSEV), which are produced by entrepreneurial start-up firms. While existing research on sustainable transitions in China has predominantly focused on the role of the state and its public sectors, especially state-owned enterprises (SOEs), little attention has been paid to the bottom-up approach and the role of the private sector. The objective of this project is to shed light on green capitalism driven by bottom-up sustainable entrepreneurship against the background of the Chinese developmental state's top-down approach to sustainability. Using a case study of the LSEV industry, this research will analyze: (1) strategies used by LSEV firms to achieve technological leapfrogging goals in niche markets, (2) the role of the state at the subnational level in the development of the LSEV industry, and (3) the relationships between the top-down and bottom-up approaches to sustainable development for the LSEV case. This research aims at offering a nuanced account of the governance framework of sustainable development at different scales of the Chinese developmental state.

Toward a Framework for Decolonizing Integrated Conservation and Development Projects at Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

Geller Awardee: Janae Davis, PhD Geography '20
Faculty Mentor: Edward Carr

Many NGOs have lauded the achievements of integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs), yet scholarly research shows that most of these programs fail or produce less than optimal results due to a variety of social, institutional and economic factors. One major obstacle to their effectiveness can be attributed to the ways in which ICDPs create or worsen inequalities among community members and between communities and external actors. In many cases, especially those involving ecotourism, ICDPs have reinforced colonial power relations pointing to possible racial and class bias embedded in institutional discourses. This research looks at ICDPs involving the management of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (KTP), which includes the San peoples of the Southern Kalahari and a variety of local, state and global actors. This particular ICDP, resulting from a land restitution initiative, has not only failed to improve economic well-being for the San, but it has inadvertently reproduced colonial racial and class relations. This research seeks to: (1) empirically link colonial and contemporary discourses to show that race, class and possibly gender bias shape management at KTP, and (2) work with management institutions to improve conservation and sustainable development efforts by identifying strategies for dismantling race, class and gender bias in policies and practices.

Drought in the New Rurality: Transformation of the Rural Landscape of the Yucatán and its Implications under a Changing Climate

Geller Awardee: Carlos Dobler-Morales, PhD Geography '19
Faculty Mentors: Rinku Roy Chowdhury and John Rogan

Patterns of tropical precipitation are expected to change substantially over the 21st century. Preliminary climatological analysis indicates the southern Yucatán has already begun to experience changes in the form of less and more variable rainfall. Unpredictable and drier conditions put at risk virtually all sources of subsistence and income of local smallholder households. Despite these changes, over the last decade, land-use in the region has been experiencing a shift from traditional swidden agricultural systems to follow two distinct trajectories: one characterized by more intensive agriculture, and another based on strict conservation of forest cover. Agrarian policy subsidizing the modernization-technification of slash-and-burn practices, as well as conservation instruments restricting forest clearance, contribute to the gradual replacement of a formerly heterogeneous and highly dynamic landscape for one that is temporally more stable and spatially more segregated. What remains to be known is how this transitioning landscape and the livelihoods in it will be affected by increasingly drier conditions and unpredictable rainfall. This research seeks to understand how processes of agricultural intensification and desintensification in the southern Yucatán are happening, and to investigate how such processes could amplify or ameliorate the vulnerability of smallholders to drought in the region.

Managing Resources in Jamaica's Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park

Geller Awardee: Alex Moulton, PhD Geography '20
Faculty Mentor: James McCarthy

Community based resource management (CBRM) has been discussed in conservation and resource management circles, and debates have intensified as conservation and development have become integrated in responses to global environmental change. These debates indicate that CRBM must provide social, economic and ecologically sustainable outcomes. This project examines CBRM in Moore Town in Jamaica's Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park (BJCM), a World Heritage Site. Given the rich biodiversity of BCJM, the reliance on small-scale farming in the community, and generally high levels of rural poverty in Jamaica, Moore Town is a good case study through which CBRM can be examined with respect to all three measures of sustainability. Moore Town may offer unique insights given its history as a community for runaway slaves. This research project seeks to understand the structure and outcome of CBRM in Moore Town. Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, this project will examine the institutional arrangement in the community in order to understand perceptions, effects, and implications of resource management in Moore Town and for environmental governance more generally.

2016 Geller Award Recipients and Projects

Monitoring Forest Loss and Degradation to Evaluate Forest Restoration Priorities in Rwanda

Geller Awardee: Bernadette Arakwiye, PhD Geography '18
Faculty Mentors: John Rogan and Ronald Eastman

Gishwati-Mukura National Park (GMNP) is a conservation component of a chain of protected areas in densely populated western Rwanda. This richly biodiverse region has experienced unprecedented forest loss and degradation in the last 30 years that have resulted in major regional losses of wildlife habitat, biodiversity, and ecosystem services, as well as erosion, flooding, and major landslides that threaten the life of local populations. Increasing interests in afforestation activities aiming to reconnect Gishwati to Mukura and to improve livelihoods, forest ecosystem health, and climate resiliency have attracted major international donors including the World Bank. However, information on spatial locations of highly suitable habitats that would increase forest cover while minimizing competition among land uses is lacking from both local ecological and communities' perspectives. This project uses remote sensing and socio-ecological field data to explore trends in deforestation, forest degradation and afforestation in GMNP, in order to evaluate sustainable forest restoration priorities.

Re-politicizing Global Climate Change: Stories from High-Mountain Communities in Nepal and Bolivia

Geller Awardee: Dylan Harris, PhD Geography '20
Faculty Mentor: James McCarthy

High-mountain populations are among the most vulnerable populations to global climate change. However, their perspectives (i.e., stories from the frontlines) are critically different from the prevailing climate change discourse, for example by discussing llama fetuses rather than carbon fluxes. By researching these alternative perspectives, this project aims to explore counter-narratives to normative climate politics, thereby carving out necessary imaginative capacities to discuss future climate governance and policy design. Specifically, the project will utilize a mixed methods approach--a combination of traditional ecological knowledge, storytelling, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)--to study climate change narratives in the Bolivian Andes and the Nepalese Himalayas. While similar in some ways (altitude, glaciology, etc.), there are substantive differences (religions, economies, etc.) between the two regions that offer unique stories. Together, this comparative study will provide a dynamic view of alternative approaches to global climate change policy.

Contemporary Agrarian Transformation in China: Ongoing Transfer of Rural Land Use Rights in a Reform Era

Geller Awardee: Wenjing Jiang, PhD Geography '18
Faculty Mentor: James McCarthy

Transfers of land use rights, forbidden by law until 1984, are now central to China's development policies and implemented nationwide. Under current rules, local authorities formally subcontract the use rights of collectively owned rural land to villagers, which contributes to the enormous transformations of agricultural production and social relations in the countryside. How the formalization of land transfer practices takes place, how it interacts with the politics of contemporary agrarian transformation, and what the implications are for policy-making and implementation, all require a close investigation into the ongoing practices and politics on the ground. Utilizing multiple sources of data (e.g., statistical records, participant observation, and interviews with stakeholders across levels), this project combines top-down and bottom-up perspectives to uncover the intentions behind, processes of, and outcomes from the formalization of these land transfer practices.

Modeling Faunal Vulnerability to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Madre de Dios, Peru

Geller Awardee: Katherine Markham, MS Environmental Science and Policy '17
Faculty Mentor: Florencia Sangermano

Peru is the world's fifth largest producer of gold, with the Madre de Dios region producing over 70% of Peru's gold. The recent rise in the price of gold has made it profitable to mine in previously unprofitable areas, such as deposits in tropical forests. Environmental threats associated with gold mining include arsenic, cyanide and mercury pollution of air, water, and soil. Using maps of artisanal and small-scale mines and data on species geographic distribution, this project will identify changes in the landscape related to mining activities and relate these changes to species biodiversity and composition in the surrounding landscape. In-situ verification of map accuracy and interviews of local stakeholders about changes in land-use and their perceptions surrounding wildlife and biodiversity will be conducted. This international collaborative research will improve our understanding of the species and regions that could be affected by increased mining activities. Results may lead to changes in land use practices and conservation efforts and impact policy decisions concerning mining in areas of high biodiversity.

(Un)frozen Boundaries: Examining the Role of Sea Ice in the Socio-legal Dynamics of the Bering Sea Pollock Fishery

Geller Awardee: Kristen Shake, PhD Geography '17
Faculty Mentors: Karen Frey and Deborah Martin

Sea ice is a dynamic element of the greater Arctic marine ecosystem. Its changing physicality influences a variety of socio-cultural processes, such as the extraction of living resources, the vitality and propagation of those resources in the marine environment, maritime activity, subsistence hunting activities, and search and rescue operations. Changes to the spatial extent of sea ice presents challenges for international law and no internationally agreed upon legal regime for sea ice currently exists. This is particularly problematic in the Bering Sea where recent increases in the seasonal spatial extent of sea ice could present a hazard to fishing vessels, threaten the sustainability of an economically viable marine fishery, and intensify debates over maritime boundaries. Using legal archival analysis, document analysis, and semi-structured interviews, this project will investigate the linkages between dynamic sea ice, Pollock fishery resources, and ocean law within Bering Sea.

History of the Albert, Norma and Howard '77 Endowed Research Awards

The Albert, Norma and Howard Geller '77 Endowed Student Research Awards were established by the family of Dr. Howard Geller. Howard graduated from Clark in 1977 with degrees in Physics and Science, Technology and Society (now Environmental Science and Policy). After Clark, he earned graduate degrees at Princeton and the University of Sao Paolo and became the first executive director of the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE). After twenty years of accomplishments at ACEEE, including contributions to the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 and the Energy Policy Act of 1992, he left ACEEE to found and direct the Southwest Energy Efficiency Project (SWEEP) in 2001. Remembering his own experience as an activist student researcher at Clark, Howard hopes these annual awards will support other Clark students as they combine research with action that moves society toward sustainability.