.My research interests in economic history include the history of international trade in the context of Japan's opening up, historical demography, urbanization, and the history of the German cotton textile industry. Unpublished research papers are available simply by e-mailing me.
Decline in Urban Fertility, Munich 1850-1910
Supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Development, the project examines the explanations for the rapid decline in fertility that began during the 1880s in most of Germany and has continued through the modern period. The project draws upon archival and contemporary published sources to provide a background to the decline and it develops a detailed microeconomic analysis of fertility decline using a sample of over 5,000 couples. The data are from police registration records (Polizeimeldebögen) found in the Munich City Archive. My collaborator in this project is Timothy Guinnane.
Japan's Opening Up and the Basic Theories of International Trade.
My collaborator in this project is Daniel Bernhofen.
Papers that are part of this project include:
"Coping with Crisis? The Diffusion of Waterworks in Late Nineteenth-Century German Towns," Journal of Economic History 48 (June 1988), pp. 307-318.
"Public Reform for Private Gain? The Case of Investments in Sanitary Infrastructure: Germany, 1880-1887," Urban Studies 26 (1989), pp. 2-12.
"Reforming the Urban Environment: Sanitation, Housing, and Government Intervention in Germany, 1870-1910," Journal of Economic History 49 (June, 1989), pp. 450-452.
"The Condition of England and the Standard of Living: The Case of Cotton Textiles, 1806-1850," Journal of Economic History50 (September, 1990), pp. 591-614.
"Variations in Mortality in a Network of Cities: The Case of the Sanitation Revolution in Germany, 1888-1912"
“Wer bezahlte die hygienische Stadt? Finanzielle Aspekte der sanitären Reformen in England, USA, und Deutschland um 1910" [Who Paid for the Sanitary City? Issues and Evidence Ca. 1910] in Alfons Labisch and Jörg Vögele, eds.,2000."
"Infant Mortality Decline in German Towns, 1891-1912: Economics and Issues for Statistical Analysis with Some Preliminary Results” in Sally Sheard and Helen Powell, eds., The Body and the City, University of Liverpool Press, 2000.
“Income, Sanitation, Sharing, and the Weather: Infant Mortality in Turn of the
Cotton Textiles and German Industrialization: 1850-1914. This project examines the influence of the German cotton textile industry on the course of German industrialization. Most of the historical literature on German industrialization focuses on the role of heavy industry, whether the coal mines featured on the home page, steel, or industrial chemicals. This is in marked contrast with England, where the development of the cotton textile industry in Lancashire forms a focus of traditional accounts. This project develops an economic history of the German cotton textile industry. The research thus far has included an explanation for the absence of specialization by process so common to the English industry and a closer look at the the sources of export success in turn of the century cotton textile markets. Further research is exploring pattern of productivity growth in the industry and the role of the labor force in the development of productivity. Papers include
"Market Organization, Protection, and Vertical Integration: German Cotton Textiles before 1914," Journal of Economic History 52 (June, 1992), pp. 339-351.
"Imperfect Competition and Anglo-German Trade Rivalry: Markets for Cotton Textiles before 1914," Journal of Economic History. 55 (September, 1995), pp. 494-527.
"Productivity Growth and Protection in German Cotton Textiles: 1850-1913"
“Working Class Careers: On-the-Job Experience and Career Formation in Munich, 1895-1910" (with Gerhard Neumeier) in John C. Brown, David Mitch, and Marco Van Leeuwen, eds., Origins of the Modern Career: Career Paths and Job Stability in Europe and North America, 1850-1950, Ashgate Press (Aldershot, Hants, England, 2004), pp. 259-278.
Last Updated May, 2005 by John Brown