Huo Group
                                         Computational Chemistry & Biophysics
   Our long-term objective is to map the genomic sequence onto protein structure and function. To achieve this goal, understanding the details of protein folding process is essential. Although the concept of a protein energy landscape has been established, one of the key challenges confronting the biophysical community is to obtain the direct information on protein folding process in atomic detail. We propose to develop a general computational approach based on our novel roadmap-based method to understand this process. Our general roadmap-based approach will give relative folding rates, locate folding pathways, obligatory intermediate states, off-pathway intermediates, transition states, and verify the cooperativity between binding and folding.

      Our approach will utilize a roadmap (or a graph) to capture most important features of protein conformation space and energy landscape, in turn, rich thermodynamic and kinetic information will be extracted from the roadmap and further analyzed by graph-based tools. We have recently obtained promising results in predicting protein folding pathways using our novel graph- theoretical approach enhanced reaction-path algorithm, which is part of our roadmap-based approach. We expect our roadmap-based approach will yield a comprehensive picture of folding mechanism. Information concerning folding process is not only indispensible in mapping the genomic sequence onto protein structure and function, but also important in amyloid diseases and other human diseases associated with intrinsically disordered proteins. A deeper understanding of protein folding process can ultimately lead to better computational models for drug design. 

Study protein folding mechanism using a roadmap-based approach
schematic illustration of road-map based reaction path algorithm
(a) Node generation.                  (b) Roadmap connection.                  (c) Roadmap query. 
Each black dot represents a node.   All of the blue lines are edges connecting the nodes.  The shortest path is denoted by the red line.

Related publications:

J. Fan, M. Duan, D. Li, H. Wu, H. Yang, L. Han, S. Huo. Observation of two families of folding pathways of BBL. Biophys. J. 100, 2457-2465 (2011).

D. Li, H. Yang, L. Han, S. Huo. Predicting the Folding Pathway of Engrailed Homeodomain with a Probabilistic Roadmap Enhanced Reaction-path Algorithm. Biophys. J. 94, 1622-1629 (2008).

H. Yang, H. Wu, D. Li, L. Han, S. Huo. Temperature-dependent probabilistic roadmap: algorithm for calculating variationally optimized conformational transition pathways. J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3: 17-25, 2007. 

S. Huo, J. E. Straub. The MaxFlux algorithm for calculating variationally optimized reaction paths for conformational transitions in many body systems at finite temperature J. Chem. Phys., 107: 5000-5006 (1997).