Mosakowski Institute

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Mid-Sized Cities: Data Profiles Guide

Population and Demographic Change

  1. Graph of Population 1970-2014
  2. Source: U.S. Census for 1970-2010 and estimates of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
  3. Population Distribution by Age Group
  4. Source: American Community Survey (ACS) for 2011-2013
    Notes: The "Rest of State" refers to the distribution of Population for the Commonwealth excluding Boston and the Gateway Cities.
  5. Population Distribution by Age and Ethnicity
  6. Source: ACS 2011-2013.
    Notes: The six subgroups will not add up to 100 because of the exclusion of those who identified two or more races and the potential for an overlap of foreign-born and Hispanic with the three racial subgroups. The origin as percent of Hispanic will not add up to 100 because of other source countries for immigration beyond those four identified and the presence of a large share of Hispanic residents who were born in the United States. The "State" refers to all towns of the Commonwealth except for Boston and the Gateway Cities.
  7. Recent Demographic Behavior
  8. Sources: Infant mortality and Overall mortality: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Status Indicators for 2010 and Birth Rate to residents of the city, Low birthweight infants and Births to teen mothers: Massachusetts Department of Public Health 2013 Birth Report
    Notes: The "state" refers to the state average including data from the Gateway Cities and Boston.

The Local Economy

  1. Sectoral Employment
  2. Source: The Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development's ES-202 series.
    Notes: The numbers in parentheses refer to the 2-digit codes of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). The employment amounts are the annual average for 2014 for all forms of ownership.
  3. Five Largest Industries
  4. Source: 2012 Economic Census.
    Notes: Actual counts of employment were not provided for many industries in order to preserve confidentiality. The data do include the employment class, which is presented here.
  5. Educational Attainment of the Population
  6. Source: ACS estimates for 2011-2013.
  7. Key Indicators of Income and Commuting
  8. Source: ACS estimates for 2011-2013.
  9. Distribution of Households by Income Class
  10. Source: ACS estimates for 2011-2013.
  11. Unemployment Rate:2000-2015
  12. Source: The Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development annual unemployment series.
    Notes: The unemployment rate for 2015 is from March 2015. The solid line in the graph (with the scale on the right axis) provides the city's unemployment rate as a percent of the average for all gateway cities. For example, Brockton's unemployment rate has closely tracked the average for all gateway cities and was slightly above the average of 6.26% in March 2015. Lawrence's unemployment rate was 50 percent above average and Everett's was three-quarters of the average in March 2015.

Housing, Education and Public Health

  1. Housing Market Indicators
  2. Source: ACS estimates for 2011-2013.
    Notes: The "Average Rents" for four types of apartments are approximations calculated as weighted average of the number of units falling into one of six ranges of gross rent. Midpoints of ranges were used for all of the ranges except the lowest (below $200) and the highest (above $1,000). The lowest category was assigned a rent of $150 and the highest category was assigned a rent of $1,500. The "Housing Affordability" graph shows the share of households falling into one of six categories of gross rent as a percentage of household income. For example, for Lawrence it appears that about one-half of households pay 50 percent of their income as rent.
  3. Education Indicators for 2014
  4. Source: Massachusetts Department of Education district profiles for graduation rates, class sizes and dropout rates and Massachusetts Department of Education reports on the MCAS standardized test results for 10th graders
    Notes: The dropout rate reflects the cumulative dropouts for grades nine through 12 for the cohort that should have graduated in 2014. The Student Growth Percentile shows the percentage of students in the district who did better than the population of all students who had a similar performance on the previous MCAS subject grade. A percentile above the average for gateway cities indicates an above average student-by-student improvement. Averages for the state are not population-weighted, so they will not necessarily be equal to 50.
  5. All data except Opioid Overdose Mortality, Admissions to Substance Abuse Programs and Percent overweight or obese children
  6. Source: Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services Health Status Indicators by town
  7. Opioid Overdose Mortality
  8. Source: Massachusetts Department of Public Health report on unintentional opioid deaths of Massachusetts residents
    Notes: The "State" refers to all towns of the Commonwealth except for Boston and the Gateway Cities.
  9. Admissions to Department of Public Health Substance Abuse Programs
  10. Source: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Substance Abuse Services Admissions to Contracted and Licensed Programs
  11. Percent overweight or obese children
  12. Source: Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services Youth Weight Status Report (for 2010)
    Notes: Data are collected by school districts.

Civic Engagement

  1. Voting Behavior
  2. Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State Elections Division for state enrollment statistics[registered voters] and voters in 2014 Gubernatorial Election.
    Notes: The "State" refers to all towns of the Commonwealth except for Boston and the Gateway Cities.
  3. Not-for-Profit Sector Indicators and lists of charities
  4. Source: National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) Business Master File All Entities for grouped data and NCCS DataWeb for major nonprofit organizations.
    Notes: "Education, Finance and Medical" refers to major non-profit institutions (colleges, schools, hospitals and credit unions) with significant assets. Other nonprofits refers to other large non-profits in the city. The "State" refers to all towns of the Commonwealth except for Boston and the Gateway Cities.
  5. Associative Nonprofits
  6. Source: National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS) Business Master File All Entities.
    Notes: Associative nonprofits refers to not-for-profit membership organizations that provide significant opportunities for community members to associate with each other. They include organizations such as churches, service and "fraternal" organizations such as the Rotary Club or the Elks, organizations for team sports and cultural organizations such as Saint Patrick's Day committees, choruses or other similar groups. "Youth National" refers to national organizations such as the YMCA or International Order of the Rainbow Girls that have programs and facilities in the city. We have attempted to identify cultural and religious organizations with a strong ethnic orientation by the name of the organization. Further details on the particular NTEECC letter-two digit codes included in the separate rubrics are available upon request. The "State" refers to all towns of the Commonwealth except for Boston and the Gateway Cities.